The Skill India Mission
Indian education is primarily focused on academic development. It is hardly targeted to skill development. Skill development deals with enhancing the potentiality of students to help them earn while they learn. Gandhiji’s methodology of education was based on ‘earn while you learn’ but some how he could not actualized the systems. There could have been many reasons of that but today it is not found in the students. Having completed many academic qualifications our youth is not skilled to stand on his own. Each one is waiting for government employment. If only professional courses were included along with academic curriculum students would have been forced to take at least one vocational subject for their carrier.
Our Prime Minister made a round about to Chine, Japan and many more countries to observe their education system. There he found that children at early stage are engaged at building blocks. They are encouraged to be creative and innovative. Out education policy is academic centered therefore our youth are incapable of self standing. In India each politician is involved in corruption or some scams. The whole country is known as ‘Scam India’. On 15th July, 2015 when the world was celebrating World youth Skill Day, our Prime Minister launched the much awaited “Skill India Mission”. This initiative includes National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikass Yojana (PMKVY) and the Skill Loan Scheme. The Skill India Logo with the tagline ‘Kaushal Bharat Kushal Bharat’ was also unveiled.
Objectives & Strategy
Creating an effective and efficient skill development ecosystem in the country:
Scaling up: Increase skill development capacity in terms of training capacity, stakeholder capacity and financial capacity of the state.
High inclusivity: The skill development initiatives will harness inclusivity and reduce divisions such as male/female, rural/urban, organized/unorganized employment, traditional/contemporary workplace and inclusion of various disadvantaged groups.
Dynamic and demand-based system planning: The skill development initiatives support the supply of trained workers who are trained in market driven and industry relevant courses. The skill development overarching system would comprise of standardized processes and frameworks to ensure quality of training.
Increasing Employability and ensuring generation of a sustained livelihood: Increasing the employability of the youth of India through an exclusive endeavour of training in support competencies like communication skills, English and basic computer literacy. Post training placement support in domain specific training to ensure that the trained beneficiaries get an opportunity for generating sustained livelihood.
Incorporation of innovative models and best practices: Innovative models and models based on best practices will be incorporated to further strengthen the skill development ecosystem.
The major paradigms and enablers to achieve the objectives of skilling are:
Departmental Capacity: Institutional strengthening of the various departments involved in skill development
Financial capacity: Bringing in additional funds through implementation of centrally sponsored schemes currently not being implemented, additional funds from State plan to achieve skill development targets and exploring other funding sources.
Training Capacity: Creation and use of infrastructure in both public and private domain through appropriate support.
Standardized Processes / Frameworks / Mechanism / Cost norms
Creation of a process / operation guidelines across all the various phases of the skill development value chain to govern all the schemes in order to roll out the skill development efforts in a standardized manner ensuring quality of training across the State.
Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) framework
Creation of a robust and exhaustive mechanism for monitoring (including portal based monitoring) all skill development programs being implemented in the state to ensure compliance to quality standards and guidelines and take timely and informed corrective measure.
Assessment & Certification
Creation of a robust and reliable system of assessment and certification including BSDM’s as an assessment & certification agency, on-line assessments & certification and a pool of assessors comprising of staff from the state’s educational institutions and the ex-servicemen.
Ensuring Quality of training
SDCs with requisite infrastructure only to be empaneled.
Train the trainer programme in training pedagogy and / or domain specific knowledge.
Market relevant and demand driven courses.
Sectoral Mentor groups to advise on development / updation of course curriculum and suggest on improving training, quality of trainers, placements etc.
An exhaustive ICT platform for training delivery, training process enablement and training monitoring will be put in place and will be used across all the skill development programmes in the State.
Exhaustive mobilization campaign will be run in the State prior to online registrations of the interested candidates. To ensure retention and increase the stake of the beneficiaries in the training a refundable security deposit will be charged from the beneficiaries.
Creation of Industry linkages to facilitate placement
Job-fairs / Apprenticeship fairs to further bolster placements.
Specific livelihood generation interventions for certain disadvantaged groups
Promotion of self-employment and fostering of the entrepreneurial spirit
Developing employment exchanges to facilitate placements
Facilitation and fostering of Self-employment and Entrepreneurship